Safety norms for electric vehicles: The road transport ministry has added a number of extra safety provisions to the battery safety standards, which will go into effect on October 1 as a result of the growing number of fire incidents in electric two-wheelers in various parts of the nation. An expert team that was established by the Ministry of Road Transport and Highway under the leadership of Tata Narsingh Rao, Director, ARC’, Hyderabad, conducted a thorough brainstorming session prior to the new development.
Dr. Arti Bhatt, scientist-F, additional director, CFEES, DRDO; Prof. L Umanand, chair, DESE, IISc, Bengaluru; Dr. M. Srinivas, scientist, NSTL, Vishakhapatnam; Prof. Devendra Jalihal, head, C-BEEV, 11T Madras, Chennai; and Dr. Subba Reddy, principal research scientist, IISc, are also members of the committee. The current battery safety standards announced under CMV Rules should include additional safety measures advocated by this group.
Safety norms for electric vehicles: N category—motor vehicles
According to the expert committee’s report’s recommendations, the ministry has released Amendment 2 to AIS 156, which specifies requirements for motor vehicles of the L category—motor vehicles with fewer than four wheels and are quadricycles—and Amendment 2 to AIS 038 Rev. 2, which specifies requirements for the electric power trains of motor vehicles of the M category—motor vehicles with at least four wheels used for carrying passengers and N category—motor vehicles with more than four wheels.
Additional safety standards for battery cells, BMS, on-board chargers, battery pack designs, thermal propagation owing to internal cell short circuits causing fires, etc. are included in these changes. The notification to require modified AIS 156 and AIS 038 Rev.2 standards for the corresponding categories of electric vehicles with effect from October 1, 2022, is currently being worked on.
The Centre has previously taken a number of actions to encourage the usage of electric vehicles in India. India currently uses 27,81,69,631 non-electric automobiles and 13,34,385 electric vehicles in total. The Ministry of Road Transport and Highways’ e-vahan portal provides information on the figures.
Safety norms for electric vehicles: FAME India
The Faster Adoption and Manufacturing of (Hybrid &) Electric Vehicles in India (FAME India) scheme, launched in 2015 with a goal to lessen reliance on fossil fuels and address issues with vehicular emissions, is one of the measures done by the government to encourage electric vehicles. A total budgetary support of Rs. 10,000 crores is currently being used to implement phase-II of the FAME India initiative over a period of five years.
In order to lower battery prices in the nation in 2021, the government previously established a Production Linked Incentive (PLI) programme for the production of Advanced Chemistry Cells (ACC) in the nation. Electric vehicle costs will decrease as battery prices decline. The Production Linked Incentive (PLI) scheme for cars and auto parts, which was approved on September 15, 2021 with a budgetary allocation of Rs. 25,938 crore for a five-year term, covers electric vehicles.