India Independence Day 2022: Every year Independence Day is celebrated celebrated with pomp, gaiety and enthusiasm. We we all know that India is a country of “unity in diversity” where people of different religions live together happily and peacefully. Here any national festival is celebrated together. Today on the 75th India’s Independence Day, here are some interesting facts related to India and independence, which you should know.
India got independence on 15th August 1947, it did not have any national anthem. Although Rabindranath Tagore had written ‘Jana Gana Mana’ in Bengali language only in 1911, but in 1950 it became the national anthem of our country.
On 7th August 1906, the national flag was hoisted for the first time at Parsee Bagan Square in Calcutta. The flag was made up of horizontal strips of red, yellow and green with a red stripe on top of which eight white lotuses were raised in a row. There was a white sun and crescent moon on the left side of the green band, the same star or a star on the right.
On 15 August 1947, 1 rupee was equal to 1 dollar and the price of gold was 88 rupees 62 paise per 10 grams, and on August 15, the Vir Chakra was recognized. On 15 August 1972, the postal pin, which is a 6 digit number, was introduced in India and on 15 August 1982, with the speech of Indira Gandhi, color broadcasting on TV was started in India.
On 15 August 1947, the whole country was immersed in the celebration of independence but Gandhiji could not join it, because he was engaged in stopping the Hindu-Muslim riots in Calcutta at this time.
Another interesting fact about Indian independence is that after the independence of India, Portugal amended its constitution and declared Goa as a Portuguese state. Indian troops attacked Goa on 19 December 1961 and annexed it to India.
It is said that the first version of the current national flag was made by Pingali Venkayya in 1921 at Bezwada. It was made up of two colors – red and green which represented the two major communities. Gandhiji suggested the addition of a spinning wheel on a white stripe to symbolize the progress of the rest of India’s communities and the nation.