NCRB: Uttar Pradesh recorded 6.08 lakh total crimes in 2021 which was about 7.5% less as compared to 6.57 lakh crimes registered in 2020 (the year of Covid lockdown and restrictions), and 3.2% less than 6.28 lakh cases registered in 2019.
Also, if we take a glimpse of NCRB data for the previous years of 2019 and 2020 and compare it to 2021, there has been a decline in most of the heinous crime cases, including that of murder, dacoity, sexual harassment, dowry death, acid attack.
However, cases of rape, kidnapping and abduction have registered a slight increase in 2021 as compared to 2020; however, the same two crimes registered a low when compared to 2019.
The state ranked 28th in crime against children with 16,838 cases and 36th in kidnapping for ransom with 50 cases.
With 56,083 cases, Uttar Pradesh topped the list of crimes against women, followed by Rajasthan (40,738) and Maharashtra (39,526).
According to the NCRB data, Nagaland reported the lowest number of crimes against women with 5.5 per cent rate in 2021. The northeastern state also had the lowest number of actual cases (54) last year.
As many as 31,677 rape cases were registered in 2021 as compared to 28,046 cases in 2020 in the country.
A total of 1,49,404 cases of crime against children were registered during 2021, showing an increase of 16.2 percent over 2020.
The NCRB was established in January 1986 with the aim of establishing a body to compile and keep records of data on crime. It functions under the Union Home Ministry. Apart from publishing annual reports, its functions include “Collection, coordination and exchange of information on inter-state and international criminals to the respective states”.
NCRB also acts as a “national warehouse” for the fingerprint records of Indian and foreign criminals, and assists in locating interstate criminals through fingerprint search.
The NCRB report contains data received from the 36 states and Union Territories across the country. Similar data is furnished for 53 metropolitan cities, or those having a population of more than 10 lakh as per the 2011 census, by respective state-level crime records bureaus.