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HomeNATIONNew Criminal Law: Key Criminal Laws Enacted in India to Take Effect...

New Criminal Law: Key Criminal Laws Enacted in India to Take Effect from July 1

New Criminal Law: The three new criminal laws recently passed during the winter session of the Indian Parliament are scheduled to be implemented from July 1, according to a government notification.

  1. Definition of Terrorism Introduced:
  • Terrorism is officially defined for the first time in the Bharatiya Nyaya Sanhita.
  • The act categorizes a terrorist as someone committing offenses within India or abroad with the intent to threaten the nation’s unity, integrity, and security.
  • Punishments for terrorist acts include death penalty or life imprisonment without parole.
  • The definition encompasses various activities, including property damage and currency smuggling.
  1. Sedition Repealed and Replaced:
  • The Bharatiya Nyaya Sanhita replaces the sedition provisions of the Indian Penal Code, 1860.
  • Section 152 of the new law replaces sedition laws and addresses acts threatening the unity and integrity of the nation.
  1. Crimes Against Women and Children:
  • A new chapter titled ‘Crimes against Women and Children’ is introduced to address sexual offenses.
  • Modifications are recommended for provisions related to the rape of women under the age of 18.
  • The law aligns with the Protection of Children from Sexual Offences Act (POCSO) regarding gang rape of a minor woman.
  • Life imprisonment or the death sentence is prescribed for cases involving the rape of women under 18.

These legislative changes signify a comprehensive approach to tackling terrorism, revising sedition laws, and addressing crimes against women and children in India.

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