Human Rights: Significant human rights concerns in India in 2022, according to a US assessment, include arbitrary and unlawful murders, press freedom, and violence against religious and racial minorities. US Secretary of State Antony Blinken’s yearly report highlights human rights abuses such extrajudicial executions, torture, or other cruel, inhuman, or humiliating treatment or punishment by law enforcement or inmates, as well as severe and sometimes lethal prison conditions.
India has strong institutions to protect everyone’s rights
Other human rights abuses mentioned in the report include arbitrary arrest and detention, political prisoners or detainees, arbitrary or unlawful intrusion into privacy, limitations on freedom of expression and media, including violence or threats of violence, unjustified arrests or prosecutions of journalists, and the application or threat of application of criminal libel laws to restrain expression. It is interesting that India has previously dismissed reports of a similar nature from the American government. The Union government claims that India has strong institutions to protect everyone’s rights as well as well-established democratic norms.
Major rights violations in India along with limitations on internet freedom
The US report lists major rights violations in India along with limitations on internet freedom, interference with the right to peaceful assembly, and harassment of local and foreign human rights organisations. It also mentioned crimes involving violence or threats of violence against members of national/racial/ethnic and minority groups based on religion, social standing, or sexual orientation. Examples of gender-based violence included domestic and intimate partner violence, sexual violence, workplace violence, child, early, and forced marriage, femicide, and other forms of such violence.
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Government continued to impose boundations
The report stated, “There were reports that government authorities accessed, collected, or used private communication arbitrarily, unlawfully, or without appropriate legal authority and developed practises that allow for the arbitrary or unlawful interference with privacy, including the use of technology to unlawfully surveil or interfere with the privacy of individuals. The report also stated that although most people have the right to speak, the government continued to impose boundations on what was allowed due to general public and national interest laws.
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