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HomeNATION'War Must Be Avoided,' In New Delhi Declaration, G20 Summit Achieves Breakthrough...

‘War Must Be Avoided,’ In New Delhi Declaration, G20 Summit Achieves Breakthrough on Ukraine for Peace

The pursuit of an all-encompassing and long-lasting peace in Ukraine is emphasised in the G20 New Delhi Leaders' Declaration, albeit without specifically mentioning Russia.

G20 Summit: The G20 New Delhi Leaders’ Declaration urged the creation of a “comprehensive, just, and lasting peace in Ukraine” without specifically mentioning Russia. Member states have also been encouraged to “refrain from the threat of use of force to seek territorial acquisition” and any other measures that would jeopardise the territorial integrity of any nation in order to avoid condemning Russia. The declaration highlighted that using nuclear weapons or threatening to use them is ‘inadmissible.

G20 Declaration Urges Adherence to UN Charter Principles

“Today’s era must not be of war”, the declaration reiterated. “Concerning the war in Ukraine, while recalling the discussion in Bali, we reiterated our national positions and resolutions adopted at the UN Security Council and the UN General Assembly and underscored that all states must act in a manner consistent with the Purposes and Principles of the UN Charter in its entirety,” the declaration stated. The UN Charter requires all states to refrain from using force or threatening to use it against another state’s territorial integrity, sovereignty, or political independence. Prime Minister Narendra Modi made this declaration at the beginning of the second session of the G20 Leaders’ Summit.

G20 Reaffirms Economic Role Amidst Global Geopolitical Concerns

“The use or threat of use of nuclear weapons is inadmissible,” it added. With the understanding that, even though it might not serve as the platform for addressing geopolitical and security issues, its leaders acknowledged the potentially far-reaching impacts of these issues on the global economy, the G20 has been reaffirmed as the leading forum for international economic cooperation. “We highlighted the human suffering and negative added impacts of the war in Ukraine with regard to global food and energy security, supply chains, macro-financial stability, inflation and growth, which has complicated the policy environment for countries, especially developing and least developed countries which are still recovering from the COVID-19 pandemic and the economic disruption which has derailed progress towards the SDGs,” the declaration stated further.

G20 Endorses New Delhi Declaration

The G20 endorsed the New Delhi Leaders Summit Declaration after Prime Minister Narendra Modi stated that agreement had been reached among member states, giving India a significant victory. “Have just got the good news that due to the hard work of our teams and your cooperation, a consensus has been reached on New Delhi G20 Leaders Summit Declaration,” PM Modi said while addressing the second session of the summit earlier in the day. In an effort to reach a resolution to the Russia-Ukraine dispute, India had earlier distributed a draught Summit Declaration around the member nations without the paragraph on the geopolitical issue.

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